Intervention Of Nurse Deficit Self Care In The Skizofrenia Patient: Systematic Review


  • Rosmini UIN Alauddin Makassar
  • Eny Sutria UIN Alauddin Makassar
  • Wahdaniah UIN Alauddin Makassar



Children with Special Need, Autism, Occupation Therapy


Background: Schizophrenia is one of the disorders in the brain that causes difficulties in processing information, solving problems and interpersonal relationships, due to interference with brain function. Patients who experience mental disorders, especially patients with schizophrenia, have decreased while doing the Daily Living Activity (ADL) because of apathy and loss of motivation means loss of interest and energy in life. This causes the patient to experience a decrease in productivity. Schizophrenia in an apathetic state experiences the disruption of daily activities such as brushing teeth, combing hair, bathing, dressing / dressing up or ignoring eccentric neatness or ignoring hygiene so intervention is needed to overcome the problems experienced.
Purpose: This study aimed to find out how nursing interventions self-care deficits in schizophrenic patients.
Methods: The design of this research is quantitative descriptive with a systematic review approach that has the criteria for reviewing the article carried out in a structured and planned manner.
Results: Research results from the six journals analyzed nursing interventions for self-care deficits in schizophrenic patients improve personal hygiene.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that nursing interventions for self-care deficits in schizophrenic patients are supportive group therapy, daily schedule of activities, health education, group activity therapy, motion rehabilitation, and motivation for group art therapy.


Download data is not yet available.


Agustin, I. M., Asti, A. D., & Sumarsih, T. (2018). Proses Evaluasi Penerapan Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok Stimulasi Persepsi: Defisit Perawatan Diri Pada Klien Gangguan Jiwa Di Panti Rehabilitasi X Kabupaten Wonosobo. Proceeding of The URECOL, 215-220. Article

Cho, J. M., & Lee, K. (2018). Effects of motivation interviewing using a group art therapy program on negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 32(6), 878-884. Article | Crossref

Emilyani, D. (2010). Peningkatan Kemampuan Mengendalikan Halusinasi Pada Pasien Skizofrenia Dengan Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok Menggunakan Pendekatan Health Belief Model Di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Propinsi NTB. Poltekkes Mataram. Article

Hastuti, R. Y., & Rohmat, B. (2018). Pengaruh Pelaksanaan Jadwal Harian Perawatan Diri Terhadap Tingkat Kemandirian Merawat Diri Pada Pasien Skizofrenia Di Rsjd Dr. Rm Soedjarwadi Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Gaster: Jurnal Kesehatan, 16(2), 177-190. Article | Crossref

Keliat, B.A, dkk. (2016). Keperawatan Jiwa Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok edisi 2, EGC Jakarta. Book

Laili, D. N., & Rochmawati, D. H. (2014). Pengaruh Aktivitas Mandiri: Personal Hygiene Terhadap Kemandirian Pasien Defisit Perawatan Diri Pada Pasien Gangguan Jiwa. Jurnal Keperawatan dan Kebidanan. Article

Madalise, S., Bidjuni, H., & Wowiling, F. (2015). Pengaruh Pemberian Pendidikan Kesehatan Pada Pasien Gangguan Jiwa (Defisit Perawatan Diri) Terhadap Pelaksanaan Adl (Activity Of Dayli Living) Kebersihan Gigi Dan Mulut Di Rsj Prof. Dr. V. L Ratumbuysang Ruang Katrili. JURNAL KEPERAWATAN, 3(2). 1-8. Article

Maryatun, S. (2015). Peningkatan kemandirian perawatan diri pasien skizofrenia melalui rehabilitasi terapi gerak. Jurnal Keperawatan Sriwijaya, 2(2), 108-114. Article

Notoatmodjo S. (2012). Promosi Kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta. Book

RISKESDAS. (2018). Hasil Utama RISKESDAS 2018. Retrieved February 25, 2020, from Article

Sasmita, H. (2012). Pengaruh Metode Token Economy Terhadap Aktifitas Perawatan Diri pada Pasien Defisit Perawatan Diri. NERS Jurnal Keperawatan, 8(1), 24-31. Article | Crossref

Suhita, B. M., Kusumawati, P. D., Saputro, H., & Yusuf, A. (2020). Mechanism of Family-coping in Treating Patient with Schizophrenia Viewed from Factors that Affected it at Public Health Center of Balowerti, Kediri. Medico-legal Update, 20(1), 1231. Article

Susanti, R., Nauli, F. A., & Utomo, W. (2015). Hubungan Pengetahuan Dan Motivasi Terhadap Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Dasar Pasien Gangguan Jiwa Dengan Defisit Perawatan Diri. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan. 2(1). 863-871. Article

Sutinah., & Mardyansyah. (2017). TAK stimulasi persepsi berpengaruh terhadap perawatan kebersihan diri klien skizofrenia. Riset Informasi Kesehatan, 6(2), 108-114. Article | Crossref

Waty, S. (2018). Analisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan strategi koping pada pasien Skizofrenia di Kota Sungai Penuh Tahun 2017. Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences, 2(1), 26-45. Article | Crossref

Weret, Z. S., & Mukherjee, R. (2014). Prevalence of relapse and associated factors in patient with schizophrenia at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: institution based cross sectional study. International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies (IJIMS), 2(1), 184-192. Article

World Health Organization. (2019). Schizophrenia. Retrieved February 25, 2020, from Article

Wuryaningsih, E. W., Windarwati, H. D., Dewi, I., Deviantony, F., Hadi, E. (2018). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Kesehatan Jiwa 1. UPT Percetakan & Penerbitan, Universitas Jember. Book

Yudhana, S. A., & Widodo, A. (2017) Efforts To Increase Personal Hygiene Through Personal Hygiene Motivation On Patient. Diploma Thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Article



How to Cite

Rosmini, Sutria, E., & Wahdaniah. (2020). Intervention Of Nurse Deficit Self Care In The Skizofrenia Patient: Systematic Review. Journal Of Nursing Practice, 3(2), 244-252.