The Effect of Exercises Pursed Lips Breathing (PLB) Changes To Scale Of Breathlessness and Oxygen Saturation In COPD Patients At Hospital Dr. Soedarso Pontianak


  • Christianus Eko Purwanto Widoroni Nursing Academy Of Dharma Insan Pontianak
  • Florensius Andri Nursing Academy Of Dharma Insan Pontianak
  • Eben Haezar Kristian Nursing Academy Of Dharma Insan Pontianak



COPD, Oxygen Saturation, Pursed Lip Breathing Exercises, Scale Of Breathlessness


Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a narrowing of the air flow caused by inflammation in the airways resulting in the shortness of breath and reduced oxygen levels in the blood thereby affecting patients’ quality of life.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise on the PLB to Scale of Breathlessness and oxygen saturation (SaO2) in COPD patients.
Methods: The research method utilized quasi experimental design with randomized pretest-posttest control group. Sample of 68 respondents (60 respondents PLB group, and 8 respondents control group) was recruited through total sampling technique.
Result: Independent t-test showed difference of decreasing Scale of Breathlessness (p=0.018) & increasing of SaO2 (p=0.023) between PLB & control group. The results of Multiple linear regression test showed an effect of PLB on a Scale of Breathlessness (p=0.030) and SaO2 (p=0.002).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the PLB exercises influenced changes in the value Scale of Breathlessness and SaO2.


Download data is not yet available.


Andarmoyo, S. (2012). Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia (Oksigenasi). Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Bakti, A. K., Rosella, D., & Sugiono. (2015). Pengaruh Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise Terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Sesak Napas Pada Penyakit Paru Obstruksi Kronik (PPOK) Di Balai Besar Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat BBKPM Surakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Black, J. M., & Hawks, J. H. (2009). Medical Surgical Nursing; Clinical Management for Positive Outcomes. Singapore: SAUNDERS; Elsevier.

GOLD. (2015). Pocket Guide To COPD Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention.

Hinkle, J. L., & Cheever, K. H. (2014). Brunner & Suddarth's Textbook of Medical Surgical Nursing. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Ignatavicius, D. D., & Workman, M. (2010). Medical Surgical Nursing ;Patient Centered Collaborative Care. St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders; Elsevier.

Izadi-avanji, F. S., & Adib-Hajbaghery, M. (2011). Effects of Pursed Lip Breathing on Ventilation and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with COPD. Webmed Central.

Lewis, S. L., Dirksen, S. R., Heitkemper, M. M., Bucher, L., & Camera, I. M. (2011). Medical Surgical Nursing; Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier; Mosby.

Monteagudo, M., Rodriguez-Blanco, T., Liagostera, M., Valero, C., Bayona, V., Ferrer, M., & Miravitlles, M. (2013). Factors associated with changes in quality of life of COPD patients: a prospective study in primary care. Respir Med.

Raherison, C., Leblond, I. T., Prudhomme, A., & Taille, C. (2014). Clinical characteristics and quality of life in women with COPD: An observational study . BMC Women's Health.

Riskesdas. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Visser, F. J., Ramlal, S., Dekhuijzen, P. R., & Heijdra, Y. F. (2011). Pursed-lip breathing improves inspiratory capacity in COPD . Respiration.



How to Cite

Widoroni, C. E. P., Andri, F., & Kristian, E. H. (2021). The Effect of Exercises Pursed Lips Breathing (PLB) Changes To Scale Of Breathlessness and Oxygen Saturation In COPD Patients At Hospital Dr. Soedarso Pontianak . Journal Of Nursing Practice, 5(1), 176-181.